Face Care and Skin Care Checklists come and go, as times changes, but there will always be 10 important facts you need to be aware of related to your skin.
You will find the free checklist at the end of this article.
First the 10 Amazing Facts About Your Skin:
“It’s the body’s largest organ, but how do much you know about it?
1. Skin is the largest organ in the body. “Skin occupies approximately 1.73 square meters [or more than 18.5 square feet] to cover our flesh and bones,” says David Bank, MD, director at the Center for Dermatology, Cosmetic & Laser Surgery in Mt. Kisco, New York. Skin makes up about 16 percent of our body weight.
2. There are four main receptors in the skin that respond to pressure: Meissner’s corpuscles, Merkel’s discs, Ruffini endings, and Pacinian corpuscles. Each receptor responds to a different type of touch. “Meissner responds to light touch, Merkel to pressure and texture, Ruffini to stretching, and Pacinian to vibration and deep pressure,” Dr. Bank says. Additionally, there are countless free nerve endings in the skin that gauge pain and temperature.
3. Skin plays an important role in regulating body temperature. Your skin acts as your body’s thermostat. When temperatures rise, sweat glands activate to cool the body down. “Sweating is a bodily function that helps regulate your body temperature,” Bank says. “Normal sweating can be as much as a quart of fluid per day.” When temperatures are lower, blood vessels in the skin tighten and limit the amount of hot blood that can reach the skin, preventing heat loss. Pores also become smaller when exposed to colder temperatures in order to retain heat, Bank says.
4. Skin gets its color from a pigment called melanin. Skin color can range from very pale to very dark, depending on how much melanin the body makes. Everyone has the same amount of cells that produce melanin, which is made in the outer layer of the skin called the epidermis; but not everyone produces the same amount. The more melanin your body produces, the darker your skin.
5. Your skin regenerates itself. “Your skin sheds its dead skin cells on a daily basis, creating a new layer of skin every 28 days,” Bank says. “Even while you sleep, Mother Nature is doing her job by making sure your skin exfoliates itself, without your help.” That said, dead skin cells can remain on the skin, so it is important to remove them with an additional exfoliator.
How often you should exfoliate depends on your skin type. Bank recommends people with sensitive skin exfoliate once a week, while people with acne or combination or oily skin exfoliate twice a week. He recommends exfoliants with oatmeal, which has a soothing property to it; and he cautions against exfoliators with sharp or hard particles, such as apricot seeds or walnut shells, which can cause microscopic tears in the skin. “It’s best to gently massage scrub the exfoliant into wet skin for three minutes, then rinse with tepid water for the best results,” Bank says.
6. Dust is partly made up of dead skin cells. Dust is an accumulation of many materials, including dirt, animal dander, sand, insect waste, and even dead skin cells. “In fact, each time you vacuum, you’re picking up dead skin cells off the floor, the chair, and the walls,” Bank says.
7. Millions of bacteria live on the skin. “The skin’s surface is home to surprisingly diverse communities of bacteria, collectively known as the skin microbiota,” Banks says. “The harmless bacteria that thrive on the skin can help immune cells fight disease-causing microbes.”
8. Changes in the skin can reveal a lot about your health. Changes to the skin can be a sign that something is wrong. Rashes, hives, and itching may signal an allergic reaction, a bacterial skin infection, a viral infection, or an autoimmune disease. A mole may be a sign of skin cancer.
The American Academy of Dermatology recommends checking any moles for the ABCDEs of skin cancer: A = asymmetry, B = border (irregular or poorly defined), C = color (that varies from one area to another), D = diameter (greater than 6mm or the size of a pencil eraser), and E = evolving (a mole or lesion that changes in size, shape, or color). If you notice any of these warning signs, see a doctor.
9. Pimples are not caused by dirt or diet. These are common misconceptions, Bank says, but there are some common culprits that can offset breakouts. “Acne can be caused or aggravated by menstruation and/or pregnancy due to changes in hormone levels, sweating, humidity, some medications, and certain cosmetics or hair preparations,” he says.
To help treat and prevent acne, Bank recommends washing your face twice a day and after working out with a mild cleanser. Use noncomedogenic moisturizers and makeup products and oil-free sunscreens that do not clog pores, and be sure to wash facecloths and makeup pads and brushes regularly. You should remove all makeup before going to bed, and wash and change sheets and pillowcases every few days.
10. The sun does not make acne better. “Contrary to popular belief, sunbathing makes zits worse, not better,” Bank says. “The initial, temporary drying effect and the blemish-concealing tan may fool you, but UV rays actually stimulate oil production.” What’s more, the sun’s rays also thicken the outer layer of your skin, which blocks your pores and leads to breakouts.
Always practice sun safety by limiting time in the sun, especially between the hours of 10 am and 4 pm. Wear a hat and protective clothing, and choose a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher.”
And here is the promised checklist:
“Never hit the sack without cleansing—snoozing with makeup on can clog pores and cause premature aging and breakouts. Use warm water to loosen dirt and clogged pores, then apply a dime-size amount of cleanser to the skin. Gently massage away residue and rinse with cool or lukewarm water. Be sure to remove eye makeup with a proper remover.
Choose a cleanser that is appropriate for your particular skin type. Milky, cream cleansers are best for dry skin, while gel formulas work with oily complexions. Tip for oily gals: Use an alcohol-free toner after cleansing to remove excess oils.
Want smooth skin with a healthy glow? Facial scrubs or exfoliators are must-have items. They help speed up new skin cell production by clearing away old skin cells. Plus, they unclog pores.
Sensitive skin tip: Avoid scrubs with scratchy grains. Look for exfoliators made with natural fruit enzymes—they dissolve dead skin cells sans irritating microbeads.
How often should you exfoliate? Depends on your skin type. Do it once or twice a week if you have normal or dry skin and three to four times a week if you have oily or combination skin.
Apply a moisturizer after your morning rinse. For daytime choose a light formula that has a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a minimum SPF of 15. It will help the skin retain moisture and protect against UVA/UVB rays.
Bedtime calls for a thicker, richer formula. Night creams should contain collagen, elastin, and essential lipids to help refresh your face while you sleep. Gently apply a dime-size dab to your skin and use an upward, circular motion to lightly massage the cream into your face.
Skin care extra: Spray on a facial toner (rose water works wonders) and follow immediately with moisturizer for extra hydration.
Need to tackle a specific skin care problem? Serums are key. Unlike moisturizers (which have larger molecules), these highly concentrated fluids penetrate deeper into the skin, delivering nutrients as well as hydration.
Purchase serums according to your specific need, whether it’s for anti-aging, brightening, or even acne. As for application, slosh on the product before the moisturizer—a little goes a long way. Feel free to layer if you want to focus on more than one skin concern.
Love the spa but don’t have the time? Give yourself an at-home facial at least once a week. All you need is 10 minutes and a mask. The benefits are endless! Unlike regular cleansing that remove surface dirt, facial masks draw out impurities from beneath the top layers of the epidermis. They also exfoliate, tone, hydrate, protect, and leave skin feeling smooth and soft.
Like serums, masks can target specific skin needs whether they’re lack of hydration, dullness, blemishes, or anti-aging. Quick tip for sensitive skin: Test a skin patch (inside of elbow) with your desired mask 24 hours prior to putting it on your face to avoid any unexpected reactions.”
My Daily, Weekly, And Monthly Beauty Regimen
As an unannounced bonus, we are presenting a short and really simple daily, weekly and monthly beauty regimen:
“With so many different kinds of beauty products on the market, it can be difficult to figure out when and how often to use each one. There are some I swear by on a day-to-day basis, while others I use only in the wintertime, or maybe even once a month. Keeping track can get seriously confusing! So I thought I’d break down my daily, weekly, and monthly beauty regimen that I rely on for healthy skin, hair, and more.
Skin: On a daily basis, I make sure to remain consistent with my face wash and moisturizer. I use the same face wash day and night, and switch up my moisturizing routine for night. I’ve been obsessed with Shiseido Ibuki Gentle Cleanser for months and highly recommend it! It leaves your skin squeaky clean. Pair it with Shiseido Ibuki Refining Moisturizer with SPF for day. At night, I like to apply a facial oil and night créme to really hydrate my skin while I sleep. I recommend Nude Skincare Rescue Oil and Dermalogica Pure Night.
Hair: For my hair, I always lean towards products that hydrate my hair and add moisture because mine tends to get dry and frizzy. I use Pantene Moisture Renewal Shampoo & Conditioner daily because the combo is super hydrating. I also use a quality comb that gets out the knots without damaging my hair. After styling my hair, I use just a dab of the Pantene Moisture Renewal Conditioner to smooth out any last-minute frizz (just a little beauty hack I’ve been using for years – it works wonders!).
Body: Although I don’t go to the gym everyday, I do make sure to do a few things to take care of my body on a daily basis. I try to drink lots and lots of water throughout the day (which helps with my skin as well). I also go for a few long walks, mainly because I have a dog, but also because it’s so relaxing and gets my blood moving.
Skin: Once or twice a week, I find it helpful to exfoliate my skin. I use a gentle product that hydrates my skin at the same time, Boscia Tsubaki Oil-Infused Exfoliating Powder. It leaves my skin SUPER soft without stripping it! I also like to apply a mask once a week, depending on what my skin needs. Lately I’ve been using Nude Skincare Purify Deep Cleansing Mask and I love how it truly removes any dirt and oil from the surface and deep down.
Hair: I use a hydrating hair mask once or twice a week to help repair any damage. To keep my routine consistent, I’ve been using Pantene Intensely Hydrating Masque since it works best with my shampoo & conditioner. When I skip a wash, I rely on a dry shampoo to add some texture and soak up any oils. I also avoid applying heat to my hair once or twice a week — no blow dryer or hot tools — to try to keep it as healthy as I can!
Body: Working out is more of a 2-3 day a week thing for me. I’ll either head to the gym and do circuit exercises with weights or go for a run outside by the water. I actually did a post a while back on some of the ab exercises I like to do — check it out here!
Skin: Once a month, I try to get a professional facial. It’s not only seriously relaxing, but it also rejuvenates my skin, leaving it in a truly clean state. This even helps my products work better!
Hair: I also try to get a trim every 6-8 weeks just to get rid of any split ends. No need to go to a fancy salon for this if you have long hair like me. Just get the dead ends trimmed off to keep your hair healthy.
Body: When I can, I try to fit a massage into my monthly routine. Oh god I love massages. When you’re hunched over a computer screen all day, there’s nothing like a deep tissue massage to loosen up your muscles!”